Perfect Cream Puffs Recipe (For Beginners) (2024)

Cream puffs are one of the easiest and quickest desserts to make. A light choux pastry puff, filled with light chantilly cream – perfect for any occasion!

A beginner’s guide on how to make cream puffs with choux pastry & classic chantilly cream

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Once you’ve learned the ins and outs of choux pastry, this cream puffs recipe is the natural (and easy) next step!

I’ve been making choux pastry for over 20 years. That’s a lotta choux. Over those years, and after plenty of trial and error, I’ve figured out the secrets to making the most perfect choux pastry! My guide to making the most perfect, foolproof choux pastry is one of the most popular posts on the blog.

And as you can tell from the many comments and reviews there, it has helped so many of my readers to make perfect choux pastry too!

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A quick guide on how to make choux pastry dough for cream puffs

Making choux pastry is very easy once you know how to get the right consistency in your pâte à choux. That’s all there is to it.

Before you start making the dough, make sure you have all the ingredients weighed and ready to go.

Making the cooked dough for this cream puff recipe

Place the liquid (water and/or milk) and cubed butter, along with salt and sugar in a saucepan. Heat the water over medium high heat while stirring, to melt the butter, salt, and sugar, and then bring the water to a boil.

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Remove the pot from the heat and tip all of the flour into the water. Mix the dough well with a rubber spatula or wooden spoon, until the water absorbs all the liquid and forms a soft dough. Heat the dough that’s in the saucepan over medium heat (or lower), while stirring the dough constantly for about 1 – 3 minutes if needed.

You’re only cooking the dough to get a nice lump of soft dough that looks a little like mashed potatoes. If you’re using a stainless steel pot, you may find that the dough creates a thin film on the bottom of the pan. If the dough becomes oily and splits, then you’ve cooked the dough too long.

This is the first part to making choux pastry for this cream puffs recipe.

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Adding eggs to the dough

Place the dough in a bowl and mix it a little to let it cool down. A minute or two at most. Don’t add the eggs while the dough is too hot, since this could
“cook” the eggs and give the final cream puffs an eggy taste.

Adding the eggs is a crucial step, so keep an eye on the dough. You can use a spatula, hand mixer, or even a stand mixer for this step.

Add one egg at a time, and mix it in well before adding the next. At first, the dough may seem to form slimy lumps, but keep mixing until the eggs fully incorporate. The last egg should be whisked in a bowl, and added a little at a time until you get the right consistency.

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What should be the consistency of the choux dough?

Thick, but pipeable, with a slight sheen on the dough. If you add too much egg, the pâte à choux for the cream puffs may become flat and deflate while baking.

Another test is to lift your spatula with some of the dough, and if the dough forms a V shape at the end of the spatula (as shown below), then it’s ready!

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Piping the choux pastry dough

To make this cream puff recipe you’ll need to pipe the dough to form round pastry puffs. Here are a few tips you can follow to get properly baked round puffs.

  • Place the dough in a pastry bag, with a pastry tip that’s about 1/2 inch in width. The tip can be a round tip or a French star tip.
  • Use baking sheets with parchment paper to prevent the puffs from sticking. Use good quality parchment paper.
  • Pipe the dough at a 90 degree angle. This will make sure that it rises straight up, rather than at an angle.
  • Pipe the dough as smoothly as possible (and not like a poop emoji!). This prevents the dough from baking in a lopsided way, with fewer pockets.
  • Press down the tip of the piped dough mound with a moistened finger.

If you don’t have a piping bag, you can use a ziploc bag with the tip cut off. You can also use a small scoop that has a 1 1/2 or 2 tbsp capacity.

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Perfect Cream Puffs Recipe (For Beginners) (11)

Optional steps for making choux puffs

These steps are optional for making the choux pastry for cream puffs.

  • Brush the tops of the choux pastry dough mounds with egg wash for a slight sheen on the baked puffs.
  • Dust the tops of the dough mounds with confectioner’s sugar. This will create a slightly sweet and caramelized top.

Baking the puffs to make cream puffs

Unlike other recipes online, I prefer to bake these puffs at a constant oven temperature. If I’m making very large puffs, I may increase the temperature for just a few minutes at the start to give the pastries a boost to expand better.

But at this size, I prefer to maintain a constant temperature of 375 F. This way, I can bake multiple batches one after the other without worrying about changing the temperature.

The bake time is around 35 – 40 minutes, until the pastries are a beautiful dark golden brown in color. Make sure to prick the cases towards the end of the baking time to allow the steam to escape and for the cases to slightly dry out. This will prevent the pastries from collapsing when you remove them from the oven.

Allow the choux pastry puffs to cool completely on the baking sheet or wire rack. Then they’re ready to be filled!

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Making the chantilly cream filling for the puffs

There are two ways to make sweetened whipped cream for cream puff,

  • Regular sweetened whipped cream
  • Stabilized sweetened whipped cream

When I’m making choux cream puffs for my family, I simply whip some heavy cream with confectioner’s sugar and vanilla, and call it a day.

However, if I’m serving these bad boys to guests, and I need the puffs to look great and last longer, then I fill them with stabilized whipped cream. My favorite method of making stabilized whipped cream is to add gelatin. But you can use confectioner’s sugar or cornstarch as well.

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Tips to make chantilly cream

Whip the heavy cream on medium speed. Especially if you’re not using stabilizing ingredients (gelatin, cornstarch etc). It’ll take longer, but heavy cream that has been whipped at a lower speed, and for longer, will be more stable.

Bloom the gelatin and microwave it just enough to melt the gelatin. Do NOT let it boil, since this can affect the efficacy of the gelatin.

Temper the gelatin with a little cold cream.

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To prevent clumping of the gelatin in the whipped cream – add the gelatin into the cream in one go, while whisking on high speed. Do not add the gelatin directly onto the whisk of your mixer. But do whisk the cream quickly right where you added the gelatin, immediately after adding it. The goal is to get the gelatin mixed into the cream as fast as possible, without it touching the whisk when added.

Once the gelatin is mixed in, immediately lower the speed of the mixer, and whisk until you have stiff peaks (which are also smooth).

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How to fill the puffs with vanilla chantilly cream

As you can see in the photos, these cream puffs are filled with a swirl of chantilly cream. This method of filling cream puffs is visually more appealing, since you can see the fluffy whipped cream swirl.

Honestly though, I just prefer to fill the choux puffs with enough whipped cream to fill the cavity inside. No cutting choux pastry in half, no swirling the cream. Just get it in mah belleh, asap.

Choux cream puffs with swirled whipped cream filling (the prettier option)

Place the whipped cream filling in a pastry bag, attached with a star piping tip.

Cut the top 1/3 of the pastries to create choux pastry “lids”. You can also only partially cut the top of the pastry. Remove any choux pastry webbings in the bottom of the pastry.

Fill the bottom with whipped cream, while swirling the cream on top.

Place the cut “lids” back on the cream puffs. Dust with confectioner’s sugar, and serve.

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Filling the choux pastry cases (my preferred method)

Fill a pastry bag with the filling. Attach the pastry bag with a bismarck tip, or a small round tip (about 1 cm or a little less).

Make a hole in the bottom of the puff using a knife or a small piping tip (round or French star).

Insert the tip of the piping bag into the pastry through the hole, and squeeze in whipped cream to get puffs that are filled with cream.

Dust with confectioner’s sugar, and serve.

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Choux pastry troubleshooting

I shared all the secrets to making PERFECT choux pastry in my original post, where I answer all choux pastry related questions such as,

  • Why are my cream puffs flat and deflated?
    • Usually if there is too much liquid in the dough,
    • Opening the oven too frequently, causing the steam to escape,
    • Under-baked,
    • Pastries not pricked to allow steam to escape.
  • Why are my pastries doughy, dry, and crackly?
    • Too much flour in the pastry,
    • Over-baked.
  • Can I use other types of flour?
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Other variations of this cream puffs recipe

Chocolate cream puffs – Add some cocoa powder to the heavy cream to make chocolate chanilly cream.

Berry cream puffs – Add berries to the bottom pastry, or the chantilly cream filling.

Choux au craquelin cream puffs – Place a cookie topping on each pastry to create craquelin cream puffs with a delightfully crunchy topping.

Cookies and cream puffs – Add crushed cookies (oreos) to the chantilly cream to make cookies and cream cream puffs.

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How to store these for later

The best way to store choux pastry is to freeze baked and UNFILLED cases in an air-tight container. When you’re ready to fill them, reheat the cases in the oven to make them crisp again. Once cooled, they can be filled and served.

If you do have filled cream puffs that are leftover, these can be placed in an air-tight container and frozen too. I find that they become stale in the fridge very quickly, so I always prefer to store leftovers in the freezer. Since the filling is so light, the cream puffs de-frost at room temperature pretty quickly.

To dress up your leftover cream puffs, serve them with a berry coulis, chocolate ganache, or salted caramel sauce.

Why I love this cream puff recipe

I LOVE making choux pastry. Absolutely ADORE it, in fact. I could probably make it with my eyes closed. It’s my go-to, whenever I crave something quick, simple, and sweet.

And once you are familiar with the dough, you’ll find that choux pastry is such a satisfying and straightforward dessert to make. And pretty soon, you’ll be pumping out (piping out?) batch after batch after batch. Since the filling is a simple sweetened vanilla whipped cream, you spend very little time making the filling too.

So there you have it! That’s how to make cream puffs. They come together quickly, taste light and delicious, and ALWAYS a crowd favorite. That my dear friends is the trifecta for a winning recipe! 😀

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5 from 12 votes

Perfect Cream Puffs Recipe

Author: Dini K.

Yield: 20 – 25 puffs (depending on the size of each choux puff)

Cuisine: European, French, Pastry

A beginner's guide to making perfect cream puffs with choux pastry & classic chantilly cream. These cream puffs are a delicious and impressive dessert! And so easy to make with this step by step recipe.

EASYEasy recipe for beginners. With a detailed guide on how to make perfect choux pastry. The filling is a simple whipped cream, which is also easy.

US based cup, teaspoon, tablespoon measurements.Common Measurement Conversions.Weight measurements are recommended for accurate results.

Prep: 1 hour hour 15 minutes minutes

Cooling time: 10 minutes minutes

Cook: 55 minutes minutes

Total Time: 2 hours hours 20 minutes minutes

Difficulty:Easy recipes

Servings: 22 puffs

Print Rate

Ingredients:

Choux pastry

  • 236 g water 1 cup (you can use ½ milk or all milk instead as well)
  • 115 g unsalted butter, cubed and at room temp 1 stick
  • 145 g AP flour sifted, approximately 1 ⅛ cup (measured by spoon and level method)
  • 4 large eggs each egg about 2 oz / 57 g (you may not use all of the eggs)
  • ½ tsp sea salt use less if using table salt or fine salt
  • 1 tbsp white sugar optional
  • ½ tsp vanilla extract optional

Chantilly cream (stabilized sweetened whipped cream)

  • 1 tsp powdered gelatin
  • 2 tbsp water
  • 1 tbsp heavy cream or milk
  • 1 ½ cups chilled heavy cream 35% fat
  • 30 g confectioner’s sugar ¼ cup
  • 2 tsp good quality vanilla extract or vanilla bean paste
  • ¼ tsp sea salt use less if you’re using table salt

To serve

  • Confectioner’s sugar

Instructions:

Choux pastry

  • Preheat oven to 375°F (conventional oven).

  • Place salt, water, sugar (if using), and butter in a saucepan, and heat over medium high heat, stirring occasionally to melt the butter, salt, and sugar.

    236 g water, 115 g unsalted butter, cubed and at room temp, ½ tsp sea salt, 1 tbsp white sugar

  • When the water is starting to boil (butter should be melted at this point), remove the pot from the heat, and immediately add the flour in one go and vigorously mix the flour in so that it absorbs all of the water. Use a spatula or wooden spoon to do this.

    145 g AP flour

  • When the flour has absorbed the water and it's coming together to form a dough, return the pan to the stove (medium heat).

  • Cook the dough for 1 – 3 minutes (over medium heat). Mix the dough and move it around in the pan until you get a dough that easily pulls away from the sides of the pan and forms a film on the bottom of the pan (if using a stainless steel pan). It should look like a lump of smooth mashed potatoes. (The cook time will vary depending on your stove top.)

  • Transfer the dough into a bowl and let it cool down slightly for about 1 – 2 minutes. Add the vanilla extract (if using), and mix it in. You can use a spatula / wooden spoon, a hand-held mixer (or whisk), or even a stand mixer to do this.

    ½ tsp vanilla extract

  • Place the eggs in a bowl or jug, and whisk well.

    4 large eggs

  • Add about 1 amount of egg (¼ cup) to the dough, and mix well until it’s fully incorporated into the dough.

  • Keep adding the eggs in small increments, mixing well in between, until you have the right consistency (i.e. a dough with a glossy sheen and pipeable consistency.) You may not use all of the eggs, so keep an eye on the dough to prevent adding too much of the eggs.

  • Prepare a baking tray with parchment paper.

  • Place the dough in a large piping bag that's attached with a large tip (½ inch round tip or ½ in French star tip).

  • Pipe mounds of the dough on the parchment paper, with about 1.5 – 2 inches of space between each. Pipe the dough at a 90° angle (to the baking tray), making sure to keep the piped dough as smooth as possible. Twist the piping bag and lift it up after piping a pastry mound to get a clean finish. Then flatten the tip of the pastry mound with a dampened finger. Aim for medium sized puffs where the piped mounds are about 1.5 – 2 inches in width, and about 1 – 1.5 inches in height.

  • Bake for 30 – 40 minutes in the center of your preheated oven, or until the choux pastry shells puff up and are golden brown on top. Do not open the oven door, at least until you have reached the 25 minute mark. Importantly, the baking time depends on the size of your pastry shells. If you prefer a drier shell, bake for a couple of minutes longer.

  • During the last 5 – 10 minutes of baking, prick each shell with a skewer or toothpick and let them dry out in the oven while baking.

  • Remove from the oven, and prick the cases again, and let the choux pastry cases cool slightly in a draft-free area. (Letting them cool in an open but switched off oven is even better, but not necessary).

  • Place the pastry cases on a wire rack to cool completely.

  • Prepare the filling, while the choux pastry cases are cooling.

  • OR you can store cooled choux pastry shells in an air-tight container for up to one day. To store them for longer, freeze them in an air-tight container.

Stabilized whipped cream (chantilly cream) – see recipe notes for quantity

  • In a small microwave-safe bowl, place the water, and sprinkle the gelatin over the surface of the water. Make sure all the gelatin is saturated with water, and then let it sit for at least 10 minutes to bloom.

    1 tsp powdered gelatin, 2 tbsp water

  • In a large bowl, place the heavy cream, confectioner’s sugar, vanilla, and salt. Stir to combine. Have it ready to be whisked with an electric hand mixer or stand mixer by the time the gelatin is ready.

    1 ½ cups chilled heavy cream, 30 g confectioner’s sugar, 2 tsp good quality vanilla extract or vanilla bean paste, ¼ tsp sea salt

  • After 10 minutes, microwave the gelatin in 10 second intervals to dissolve it. Do NOT let the gelatin mixture boil.

  • Stir in the 1 tbsp of cold cream or milk.

    1 tbsp heavy cream or milk

  • Start whisking the heavy cream mixture on high speed, and add the gelatin into it. Do NOT add the gelatin directly onto the whisk. Instead, add it where the cream is moving quickly due to whisking action. Alternatively, as soon as you add the gelatin, move the mixer around in the cream to make sure that the gelatin is mixed in well. The idea is to get the gelatin mixed into the cream as fast as possible, without it touching the whisk when added.

  • Lower the mixer speed to medium (or medium high), and whisk the heavy cream until you have stiff peaks. Keep a close eye on it since the cream can go from stiff peaks to broken in a matter of seconds.

  • Place the whipped chantilly cream in a large pastry bag, attached with a star tip (to create swirls), or with a round tip / bismarck tip (to fill).

Cream puffs with swirled chantilly cream filling

  • Cut the upper ⅓ of the choux puff with a sharp knife to create a “lid”.

  • Fill the bottom part of the pastry with a swirl of chantilly cream. Place the “lid” back on top. Repeat with all the pastry puffs and then dust them with confectioner’s sugar. Now they are ready to be served.

Filled cream puffs

  • Make a hole in the bottom of each choux puff. You can either use a small knife to cut an “x” to create an opening, OR use a small French star pastry tip to cut a small hole.

  • Insert the piping tip into the hole and fill the choux puff with chantilly cream. Repeat with all the puffs. Dust with confectioner's sugar and serve.

    Confectioner’s sugar

Video:

Tips & Tricks

If you’re having trouble with choux pastry –

Please check out this comprehensive guide linked here. Many beginners have followed my recipe + tips in this post with great success on their first attempt!

A note about the chantilly cream filling

This recipe makes enough for about 20 – 25 cream puffs, IF you make them the way they look in the pictures (swirled filling).

However, if you’re only filling the cream puffs from the bottom, then you will need a lot less filling. Any leftover whipped cream can be served with fruits.

How far in advance can I make cream puffs?

Cream puffs are best served within a few hours of being filled.

You can make the choux puffs a day ahead, and then re-crisp them in the oven before filling with the chantilly cream.

Stabilized whipped cream can also be made a day ahead, but may need to be re-mixed with a dash of cream to make it smooth again.

I prefer to make both the pastry and filling on the same day, but to save time, I might make the choux dough the day before and store it in an uncut pastry bag that is sealed with a rubber band (the dough should not be exposed to any air!).

Storing choux pastry / cream puffs for longer

The best way to store choux pastry is to freeze baked and UNFILLED cases in an air-tight container. When you’re ready to fill them, reheat the cases in the oven to make them crisp again. Once cooled, they can be filled and served.

If you do have filled cream puffs that are leftover, these can be placed in an air-tight container and frozen too. I find that they become stale in the fridge very quickly, so I always prefer to store leftovers in the freezer. Since the filling is so light, the cream puffs de-frost at room temperature pretty quickly.

To dress up your leftover cream puffs, serve them with a berry coulis, salted caramel sauce, or chocolate ganache.

Other choux pastry related recipes

Classic choux pastry, Chocolate choux pastry, Perfect chocolate profiteroles,Chouquettes (French sugar puffs),Choux au craquelin,Classic chocolate eclairs,Earl grey eclairs,Chicken bouchees (chicken puffs)

Nutrition Information:

Serving: 1cream puffCalories: 141kcal (7%)Carbohydrates: 8g (3%)Protein: 3g (6%)Fat: 11g (17%)Saturated Fat: 7g (44%)Trans Fat: 1gCholesterol: 72mg (24%)Sodium: 102mg (4%)Potassium: 36mg (1%)Fiber: 1g (4%)Sugar: 2g (2%)Vitamin A: 426IU (9%)Vitamin C: 1mg (1%)Calcium: 20mg (2%)Iron: 1mg (6%)

“This website provides approximate nutrition information for convenience and as a courtesy only. Nutrition data is gathered primarily from the USDA Food Composition Database, whenever available, or otherwise other online calculators.”

Course:Desserts, Pastry

Cuisine:European, French, Pastry

Did you make this?Tag me on Instagram!I love seeing what you’ve made! Tag me on Instagram at @TheFlavorBender or leave me a comment & rating below.

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Perfect Cream Puffs Recipe (For Beginners) (2024)

FAQs

Is milk or water better for cream puffs? ›

I have done it both ways and milk gives a flavor boost and helps with that nice golden brown color. Water is the classic though and there is nothing wrong with water or milk&water combination.

How do you keep cream puffs puffy? ›

After they have finished baking, turn your oven off and take the puffs out of the oven. Give them a poke or a little slit with a sharp paring knife. Return them to the oven (turned off) and crack the oven door with a wooden spoon. Let the puffs sit there and bask in their beauty for about 15 to 30 minutes.

Why are my cream puffs not fluffy? ›

There are multiple reasons why cream puffs may deflate. The first cause is undercooking. When preparing dough on the stovetop, be sure to keep cooking and stirring until a film forms on the bottom of the saucepan. Another cause of flat cream puffs is lowering the temperature during baking.

Can I make cream puffs the night before? ›

Can they be made ahead of time? Yes, you can make these cream puffs 2-3 days in advance. Store them in an airtight container in the refrigerator. You can also make the pastry cream a day or two ahead of time; just be sure to keep it cold in the fridge in an airtight container.

Why are my cream puffs wet inside? ›

If your cream puffs are moist inside after baking, this is because they did not bake long enough. In addition, the puffs need to dry out on the inside after baking.

How do you keep cream puffs crispy? ›

Poking holes in the baked puffs allows steam to escape and creates an opening for easy filling. Returning puffs to a turned-off oven after they've baked helps keep them crisp.

Will cream puffs get soggy overnight? ›

Yes they do. They can stay out for about 4 hours but then need to be refrigerated. How long will the cream puffs be good for? We usually recommend consuming the cream puffs the same or next day, after 2 days they will start to become soggy, especially if your refrigerator has a lot of humidity in it.

How to stop cream puffs from deflating? ›

You need to start your cream puffs at a high temperature, like 400°, to generate steam which helps provide lift. After about 10 minutes or so you need to reduce the temperature to about 350° and hold the pastry at that temperature long enough for the interior of the shells to completely dry.

Why do cream puffs fall after baking? ›

A quick fix is to put it on the fridge until it sets, then you can use it. However, DO NOT add more flour or put it back on the stove after you added the eggs. Why did my cream puffs collapse? If the puffs collapse it means there was too much moisture in them.

What are the choux faults? ›

The five faults listed are: mixtures being too soft, pastry not rising and having a solid texture after baking, sinking after removal from the oven, pastry being too thin, and pastry being too thick.

Why is my cream puff filling too runny? ›

If your batter ended up being too runny, possibly you have added a little too much eggs. To fix this, cook a paste using roughly half the choux recipe (water, milk, flour, butter similar to how you started).

What is the paste or thick batter used to make cream puffs? ›

Gluten-Free Pate a Choux pastry

Thekitchn.com has a great explanation to help us all understand exactly what pate a choux pastry is: “Pâte à choux, or choux paste, is a paste made of flour, water, butter, and eggs — it's slightly thicker than a batter, but not quite as thick as a dough.

What is the difference between a cream puff and a profiterole? ›

Cream puffs and profiteroles are often used interchangeably to mean the same thing. They are both choux pastry-based puffs filled with a cream filling. The main difference between the two is that profiteroles are filled with ice cream instead of pastry cream.

Can you leave unfilled cream puffs out overnight? ›

Storing the puffs at room temperature is suitable only when they will be consumed within a few hours. Puffs should be kept on a baking sheet and covered with a piece of plastic wrap to protect them from dust and other contaminants.

Do you need to pipe cream puffs? ›

Piping the choux pastry dough

To make this cream puff recipe you'll need to pipe the dough to form round pastry puffs. Here are a few tips you can follow to get properly baked round puffs. Place the dough in a pastry bag, with a pastry tip that's about 1/2 inch in width. The tip can be a round tip or a French star tip.

Is milk better than water for choux pastry? ›

The Liquid: You can use water or milk, or a combination of the two. Water allows you to bake either hotter or longer (or both) without as much risk of the choux over-browning, while milk, thanks to its extra proteins and sugars, leads to a more rapidly browned crust.

Why is my cream puff not crispy? ›

There are a few reasons your cream puffs might collapse or not puff up properly in the oven. The first is that you may not have cooked out the moisture enough. Make sure you give it a full 2 minutes on the stove. The second is that there is no way for the steam to escape when the puffs are baked.

What makes cream puffs rise? ›

Eggs. Eggs are a leavening agent and the yolks add fat for a tender and light texture. The yolks also act as an emulsifier for a smooth and even texture in the finished product. Egg proteins add to the structure of the cream puff.

What can cause a cream puff to collapse? ›

Water and butter: fats provides tenderness to the cream puff. However, too much fat will interfere with gluten production making your cream puff collapse. It is important to bring the water and butter mixture to a full boil before adding the flour as heat is necessary to swell the starch granules in the flour.

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